The word periodontal means “around the tooth”. Periodontal disease attacks the gums and the bone that support the teeth. Plaque is a sticky film of food debris, bacteria and saliva. If plaque is not removed, it turns into calculus (tartar). When plaque and calculus are not removed, they begin to destroy the gums and bone. Periodontal disease is characterized by red, swollen and bleeding gums. Four out of five people have periodontal disease and don’t know it! Most people are not aware of it because the disease is usually painless in the early stages. Not only is it the number one reason for tooth loss, research suggests that there may be a link between periodontal disease and other diseases such as; stroke, bacterial pneumonia, diabetes, cardiovascular disease and increased risk during pregnancy. Researchers have determined that inflammation and bacteria associated with periodontal disease affects these systemic diseases and conditions. Smoking increases the risk of periodontal disease.
Signs and Symptoms – Good oral hygiene, a balanced diet and regular dental visits can help reduce your risk of developing periodontal disease
- Bleeding gums – gums should never bleed, even when you brush vigorously or use dental floss
- Loose teeth – also caused by bone loss or weakened periodontal fibers supporting the tooth to the bone
- New spacing between teeth – caused by bone loss
- Persistent bad breath – caused by bacteria in the mouth
- Pus around the teeth and gums – sign that there is an infection present
- Receding gums – loss of bum around a tooth
- Red and puffy gums – gums should never be red or swollen
- Tenderness or discomfort – plaque, calculus and bacteria irritate the gums and teeth
Periodontal treatment methods depend upon the type of severity of the disease. Our team will evaluate for periodontal disease and recommend the appropriate treatment. Periodontal disease progresses as the sulcus (pocket or space) between the tooth and gums gets filled with bacteria, plaque and tartar, causing irritation to the surrounding tissues. When these irritants remain in the
pocket space, they can cause damage to the gums and eventually the bone that supports the teeth.
Learn more about our Laser Assisted Periodontal Therapy